Volume 12, Issue 3 (12-2022)                   Clin Exc 2022, 12(3): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

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Pedatric Infectious Diseases Reserch Center. Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Abstract:   (848 Views)
The exclusive human milk diet refers to the feeding with breast milk or donated human milk along with human milk-derived fortifiers. This article is a narrative review about feeding of premature infants, especially very low birth weight babies with this type of diet. By searching the articles published in English in the Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar databases, finally the 15 articles was reviewed in terms of different neonatal outcomes and the information was collected and reported based on the year of publication, the outcomes investigated and the impact. The results of the present study showed that the effect of this nutrition in the limited studies that have been conducted so far, despite its economic efficiency and clinical benefits, has had  different results on many important neonatal outcomes. Reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity, reducing intraventricular bleeding,improving   nutrition tolerance and growth parameters have been among the benefits of this diet in some studies, while in other studies, some of these morbidities have not changed. Therefore, due to the novelty of the fortifiers derived from human milk, more studies are needed to investigate its short-term and long-term effects by conducting more clinical trials.
 
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: آموزش پزشكی
Received: 2022/10/18 | Accepted: 2022/12/29 | Published: 2022/12/29

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