Volume 6, Number 2 (5-2017)                   Clin Exc 2017, 6(2): 35-45 | Back to browse issues page


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Dadfar M, Atef Vahid M K, Asgharnejad Farid A A. Community psychology: Concepts, applications, values, and action. Clin Exc . 2017; 6 (2) :35-45
URL: http://ce.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-306-en.html

Abstract:   (491 Views)

    Community psychology is relatively a new discipline. Some psychologists gradually have moved to this special area and improved in their work. After search by appropriate keywords in both Persian and English languages of articles, reports and books that were most relevant to the intended targets in the valid available informative databases, they were selected and evaluated. The results showed that community psychology does not focus on an illness or a medical model. In this perspective, advice or consult is due to mutual interactions of person, environments and systems. In this area, prevention has priority rather than cure. Community psychology needs to develop an integrated structure at all levels of society. The structure which systemic links clinical psychologists, health psychologists, mental health, psychiatrics, sociologists, social workers and others professionals to the community and identifies levels of mental health services. This structure should be consider functions such as justly promotion of mental health and increase of community participation as can integrate mental health in long-term in mental health in everyday life of people; advances activities to community-centered and puts monitoring of the mental health on individuals and non-governmental organizations. In this regard, the developing of a wide structure with its own functions is necessary. Expanding the field of clinical psychology, health psychology, mental health, social work, community psychiatry and community mental health, requires to notify and develop of community psychology for promotion of mental health in community as well as the development of the goals, standards of training programs of community psychology and hold of specialized university courses in different levels of community psychology in Iran.

     
Type of Study: Review | Subject: روانشناسی
Received: 2016/03/10 | Accepted: 2017/05/25 | Published: 2017/04/18

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