Volume 11, Issue 1 (7-2021)                   Clin Exc 2021, 11(1): 28-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Zarani F, Agahi Z. cultural contexts of substance abuse disorders in Iran: Qualitative meta-synthesis. Clin Exc 2021; 11 (1) :28-42
URL: http://ce.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-596-en.html
psychology, Department psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2112 Views)
Substance abuse disorder like other human behaviors is caused by multiple reasons, so culture as one of the most important etiological factor  plays a crucial role in emergence, manifestation and different features of symptoms. Various culture and subculture in Iran as a risk factor or protective factor through a series of facilitating norms such as medical and pharmacological recommendations, folk beliefs and specific customs  impress substance abuse disorder in a distinctive  ways. as a result it has led to a different pattern of signs and symptoms, variable prevalence of this disorder and the variable kind of substances used in different regions of Iran.
Method: the method in this study is qualitative meta-synthesis which includes a combination of qualitative articles published in the field of substance abuse disorders in Iran. Seven qualitative studies and two combined studies (qualitative-quantitative) which is related to substance abuse in Iran were included in this article and reviewed.
all selective qualitive studies’ content were reviewed with the aim of accessing to a more general imagination, possible causation, prevention and management of substance abuse disorder in Iran. Only qualitative studies which is evaluated the cultural context of substance abuse disorder from 2001 were included.
In qualitative research which is related to the cultural context of substance abuse in Iran, different levels of environment and culture such as microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem  and macrosystem affecting the formation of this disorder in a different ways. It seems that considering the intervention related to the cultural context of substance abuse disorder in Iran is a kind of primary intervention and it would better researchers; in their prioritization of their topics, therapists, in all stages of their treatment from initial diagnosis to application of therapeutic intervention; institution and finally individual, who are responsible for policies related to the prevention and treatment of this disorder; consider culture as a vital risk factor or protective factor from the innermost level to the outermost level of the environment.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: روانشناسی
Received: 2020/11/5 | Accepted: 2021/02/16 | Published: 2021/02/16

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